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Every new landowner should obtain the following three important reports.   

  • A soil tests   
  • Levels and site surveys   
  • Comprehensive property report   

These reports will provide you with a wealth of information regarding the features of your land, which is crucial before you begin building. The information from these reports can most critically assist you in working towards obtaining a fixed estimate, preventing expensive surprises and hassles down the line.   

When you plan to build a home then these tests and reports your builder can arrange on your behalf, expenditure of this might be less expensive than you expect. However, in terms of real estate transactions, especially looking for land for sale in Melbourne, it is good to have seasoned experts by your side. For example, if you are in Melbourne, contact to The Company, real estate agent, you will get right assistance in every aspect.   

1. Soil Analysis  

soil analysis

A soil test is required in order to satisfy your construction certifier, structural engineer, and council that the foundations are strong enough to sustain the new house. Many people may not understand, though, that this exam can also benefit your financial situation.   

What is beneath the ground is by far the largest uncertainty when constructing a new house. Because of this, the largest cost overruns frequently originate from this area. This danger might be reduced if you get a soil test before putting down your deposit because you will be able to acquire more precise estimates. Later on, down the line, this could prevent higher site expenditures of thousands of dollars.  

Holding Power   

Additionally, holding Power of the ground is the first piece of information a soil test offers. Furthermore, it is feasible to determine the weight the soil can support per unit area using the information collected by conducting soil testing.   

Moreover, this information aids the engineer in determining the foundation that your home will need. There are predetermined standards for footings and foundations, and shakier ground may call for a deeper footing or slab. An accurate quote from a builder will be made possible by a soil test because conventional foundation/slab prices are frequently given. If you go for a soil test before making your deposit could save any unexpected costs down the road because footing problems can be expensive.  


The size of a foundation depends on its bearing capacity and the reactiveness of the soil. Moreover, to determine the chance of the soil shifting, shrinking, or expanding, soil testing is important. Additionally, soil testing enables experts to look for any on-site physical or chemical anomalies that could endanger your home in the future. According to class, soil reactivity is graded as follows:  

A – Stable and unreactive   

S – Potential light motion   

M – Potential for a little ground movement   

H – Potential high ground motion   

E – Potentially significant ground movement   

P – Issue location   

All other levels will certainly need additional reinforcement, whereas classes A through S will typically need a foundation. Problem sites are particularly prone to ground movement; therefore, you should consult a structural expert about your alternatives before constructing anything on this type of land.   

Recommendations for Fill and Scraping   

A builder will be able to make recommendations for site fill and scraping that are more precise thanks to a soil test. In some cases, the developer may have already filled a site, or the builder may need to fill the site in order to construct the house level. You may experience issues years from now if the fill is greater than recommended or not compacted as advised. This also applies to the volume of topsoil that can be taken from your property.

How are Soil Tests Carried Out? 

Soil Tests Carried Out

Geotechnical engineers are responsible for performing soil tests. Furthermore, they drill into the earth and collect samples at various depths using specific equipment. Whereas it is possible to categories the site and obtain a soil report identifying any issues after additional analysis.   

Since you cannot use what has been constructed on nearby properties as a guide or what has occurred during pre-development of the site, each site is tested separately. Moreover, some building blocks may need soil samples gathered for additional laboratory testing depending on the field test.   

Although soil testing cannot provide assurance, they do make foundation design and costing more precise.  

2. Levels and Site Survey   

We advise scheduling a site survey in addition to a soil test at the same time. You can learn more about your block and get the following information through a site survey:   

Wind Speed    

The estimated loadings that need to be incorporated into the structure to accommodate wind gusts and speeds relative to your block will be provided to the designer via a wind rating assessment.    

Reinforcing Walls    

Your foundation’s design and cost may be significantly impacted by any existing retaining walls on your land or those of your Neighbours. They may cause various loads or pressures on the ground, which must be taken into account.    

Block’s Slope    

It costs a lot of money to build a level floor or level a platform on a sloped block. Moreover, by performing correct levels, this activity may have more precise value.

Site Shapes and Levels    

A site levels & contour report will reveal the shape of the land even though a plot of land may appear flat to the unaided eye. identifying the block’s various heights and falls. Finding fill that might have been deposited there during development or potential subsurface water routes may be helpful.    

A qualified builder will use this information to plan the proper structure orientation and location for your new home.    

In this report, additional items that are frequently mentioned include:    

  • Does the location have a gas hookup point?    
  • Is sewage piped to your location?    
  • Is electricity flowing?    
  • Water and water mains are they linked?    
  • Is a storm water pit present?    
  • Exists a point of discharge?    
  • Do the grounds have boundary markers? Make sure it’s the right location.    
  • Has the subdivision been finished?     
  • Will your site’s levels change?    
  • Existing fencing is there?    
  • Are any obstacles on the property?    
  • Exist any trees on your property or the properties nearby?    
  • Exist any walking routes on your property?   
  • Is there any vehicle crossing points, roll-over Kerbs, or kerb openings on your property?    
  • What state of development are the properties next to each other?    
  • Is it easy to get to your site, challenging when it’s wet, or steep?    
  • Exist retaining walls on your property or those of your Neighbours?   

3. A Thorough Property Report  

A thorough property report is the third thing you’ll need before getting an exact price from your builder. This will give you a clearer idea of what to anticipate when you start building on your block. Making decisions up front will assist you in potentially avoiding delays, difficulties, and additional costs later.   

You and your builder will have the answers to the following questions thanks to a thorough property report:  

Is Your Property Subject to Flooding?   

It is possible that a few generations ago, your land was in a flood plain. After careful planning and drainage initiatives, it can now appear considerably differently. Moreover, avoid taking the chance of learning after paying a deposit that you cannot build your dream home or that it will be expensive to raise your floor level.    

Is There a Termite Infestation on Your Property?   

Termites are voracious wood-eaters, and their destruction of dead trees promotes the growth of new trees in forest environments. It’s like taking away a dinner plate and replacing it with an all-you-can-eat buffet of wood when humans come along and clear forests to build new homes! You need to be aware of the presence of termites in your region since that food source may be your home. Furthermore, there are numerous termite prevention methods available that can drive the pests out. There can be some design consequences and ongoing maintenance requirements depending on the system you or your builder employ.  

Is your Property Near a Bushfire Risk Area?

Bushfire Risk Area   

The government has identified bushfire-prone zones and set protection measures for construction projects there. To finish the design and specification work on your new home, this data plus a BAL rating is required.    

Are there Any Town Planning Ordinances or Restrictive Covenants that Apply to your Land?  

Your ideal piece of property might, for instance, be next to a future motorway, zoned for industrial use, or even subject to public purchase. Furthermore, this can make it more difficult for you to resell your property and cost you more money. However, some heritage overlays may place significant limitations on the style, palette, and appearance of your new home.  In addition to these crucial components, a property report might offer details on:   

  • Specific land works    
  • Alpine regions   
  • High regions of corrosion   
  • Criteria for temporary fencing   
  • Sewage   
  • Future motorways, parks, industrial, and agricultural land    
  • Height limits on buildings    
  • Setback limits for buildings    
  • Landscape limitations    
  • Information on subdivision   
  • required heritage design  


You will receive a lot of information from soil tests, site surveys, and property reports; this is frequently overwhelming. A professional builder will assist you in deciphering the technical terms and incorporating all the factors into your price. This is all you must do after buying the land so keep in mind buying the right land is also important. To get the right land, contact experienced real estate agents. If you are in Melbourne and looking for land for sale, consider getting assistance from The Company. You will have the best purchase due to the extensive knowledge of our team members. 

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